3 digit subtraction, is a process in which two numbers having 3 digits each are subtracted from each other by taking one column at a time. The process of subtraction starts from the one's digit column and we borrowing process can be carried out if needed.
Here we are going to learn how to subtract two 3 digit numbers or to do 3 digit subtraction.
1. First of all in the 3 digit subtraction, you need to place the two 3 digit numbers one over the other such that their hundred’s are over hundred, ten’s over the ten’s of the other and so on. You must be sure that the higher 3 digit number should be written at the top and smaller one should be written at beneath it.
Just like this: Let the two numbers are 345 and 782?
Then, 782
345
2. Now once you have gone through the first step in the 3 digit subtraction, you need to start subtracting the digits from one’s place column and just write answer under the line in one’s place column. As we can see: 2-5 = ?, so we will borrow one from the ten’s place of the number 782, like it makes the upper digit larger than the lower one. Now we can subtract 12 – 5 = 7.
7
345
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3. Now subtract the numbers in ten’s place column, as ten’s place number of the upper number is now 7 so, 7 – 4 = 3. Place the answer under the line at ten’s place column.
7
782
345
-----
37
4. Now in the last step of the 3 digit subtraction, you need to subtract the numbers at last hundred’s place column ( 7 – 3 = 4) and then just write the answer at beneath the line in the hundred’s place column.
7
782
345
-------
437
Wherever you find that the upper digit is smaller than the lower digit just borrow one from the next left neighbor column of the number and decrease one from it. So, 437 is the final answer of the 3 digit subtraction.